Anglia Ruskin University Diabetic Retinopathy Awareness and Prevention Programme (ARUDRAPP)

Professor Shahina Pardhan

Working with more than 1,800 patients in the UK, Thailand, Nepal, China and India, we have shown that higher levels of sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy in South Asians is associated with poor health literacy, language barriers and lower uptake of retinal screening.

Our research also demonstrates that different barriers for diabetic control exist in different demographics (eg., age, literacy, gender, culture) and that a ‘one size fits all intervention’ does not work efficiently.

We have developed and disseminated evidence-led, culturally and linguistically appropriate diabetic and diabetic retinopathy awareness workshops (in Hindi, Urdu, Nepali, and English) in collaboration with a number of stakeholders from UK, Nepal and India. These have led to behaviour change and improved outcomes in more than 110,417 people in the UK, India, Nepal, China and Thailand. This is evidenced by an 87–98% uptake of retinopathy screening from a baseline of 20–36%, and a reduced risk of blindness by 60–90%.

Professor Shahina Pardhan
Dr Raju Sapkota

Our collaborators






Workshops/diabetic training programmes

We run workshops in the UK and internationally to improve awareness of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy.

Programmes in the UK

Programmes in Nepal

Programmes in India

Programmes in China

Programmes in Thailand


A full list of VERI publications, including on diabetes and diabetic retinopathy, can be found on our publications page.