Psychology and Criminology BSc (Hons)

Full-time undergraduate (3 years, 4 year extended)



This course is available as a 3 year degree or 4 year extended degree.


Is there such a thing as a criminal mind? What is the relationship between criminology and psychology? Explore both subjects in parallel on our fascinating, Cambridge-based course and learn from practising forensic and clinical psychologists. You’ll attend the Old Bailey in London, sit in on live trials at Crown Court and visit Auschwitz in Krakow. Our strong industry links and your dual Honours degree will open up career opportunities in psychology, criminology, and the police, prison and probation services.

Full description

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We work with employers to make sure you graduate with the knowledge, skills and abilities they need. They help us review what we teach and how we teach it – and they offer hands-on, practical opportunities to learn through work-based projects, internships or placements.

We have strong links with the local probation service and the police. You’ll have the opportunity to add experience to your CV by working as a volunteer, or even in a part-time paid job, while you’re studying. We’ll encourage you to set up work placements in areas that interest you as part of your personal development plan.

As a graduate, you’ll be able to choose from a wide range of careers in both psychology or criminology. If you would like to pursue a career in psychology you can go on to complete a Conversion Masters and gain BPS (British Psychological Society) accreditation before specialising in a number of disciplines such as forensic psychology, occupational psychology or educational psychology. You can also pursue a career in criminology and consider working for the National Probation Service, the police, the Prison Service, the Home Office or the Court Service.

The skills you’ll learn are highly transferable, so you won’t be limited to a career in psychology or criminology. The ability to write well, analyse data and understand human behaviour will benefit you whichever career path you choose.

Our staff are engaged in research and while you’re studying, you’ll have the opportunity to take part, and make links with local employers.

Graduation doesn’t need to be the end of your time with us. If you’d like to continue your studies we offer a wide range of full-time and part-time postgraduate courses including Masters in Foundations in Clinical Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology, Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience and Research Methods in Psychology.

Modules & assessment

Year one, core modules

  • Fundamentals of Cognitive Psychology
    Our experience of the world is an interpretation based on many cognitive processes being carried out by the brain. Because these processes are so automatic, and their outcome so convincing, people are often not aware that what they are experiencing is merely an interpretation, and as such can be inaccurate. You will be challenged to think more clearly about this, and consider the ways in which the brain constructs its interpretation of the world, and the ways in which this interpretation can be misleading. You will gain a broad understanding of cognition and how we process information about the world by introducing the major issues underpinning cognitive psychology, drawing attention to the key conceptual and ethical considerations of research in the area. Throughout our module, several key issues will be repeatedly addressed, e.g. the interactive nature of cognitive processing, and the core role of empirical research in developing cognitive theory. You will learn about; Visual perception, Learning, Attention, Memory, Language, and Problem Solving. This module is delivered through a combination of lectures and practical based sessions during which you will be given the opportunity to carry out classic experiments supporting major theories in cognitive psychology. You will be taught how to write up research using APA format, your ability to do this will form part of the assessment for the module. A multiple choice examination is used to assess your general understanding of the module material. You will be provided with insights into your own cognitive processes (such as learning and memory) which you can apply to help in your study and understanding of other parts of your degree. It will equip you with a range of key transferable skills useful in the workplace, such as report writing, data analysis, and logical thinking.
  • Crime News and Criminology
    Crime is a major area of public policy and political debate - we are both fascinated by and afraid of crime, whilst eager to prevent it. Criminals can be portrayed as heroes, anti-heroes, victims or villains -nevertheless, they are represented and understood as somehow 'other'. Despite these contrasting and confusing ideas, crime is an everyday experience, about which many of us have strong opinions. You'll be encouraged to question how crime and deviance have shaped our thoughts, drawing upon its portrayal in the media-news, as well as fears of crime, political responses and crime prevention initiatives. You'll be introduced to concepts that contribute to the social construction of crime, such as 'newsworthiness', 'criminogenic media' and moral panics, as well as some basic building blocks of Criminology itself. You'll examine and discuss the types of crimes that are prevalent in the media news and consider current criminal justice issues and cases. In addition, you will decipher official statistics, such as those emerging from the Crime Survey for England and Wales, Police recorded crimes and conviction data, in order to establish a balanced view of the extent of crime in England and Wales. You'll examine crime data (statistics, case studies, crime rates etc) and the sources from which they are gathered. Such data analysis will provide a framework for contextualising material that is frequently (partially and mis) represented in the media, within an academic and realistic context. Each week, following the lecture, in a separate timetabled workshop, you'll learn about the key study skills necessary to study at undergraduate level. Structured tasks will be carried out each week, and students will be expected to develop a writing style through a variety of weekly exercises, which combine to form part of the module’s assessment.
  • Social and Developmental Psychology
    Gain an introduction to key topics, theories and issues in social and developmental psychology. You will understand how certain behaviours and experiences can be shaped by different social contexts, such as family, peers, society, and the impact of these on social and emotional development. You will cover key areas within social psychology, such as attitudes, interpersonal communication, social influence, groups, identities and ethics. As well as key areas in developmental psychology, such as genetic and environmental influences, language, cognitive and emotional development and ethics. You will also consider methodological issues, and conceptual debates that characterise social and developmental psychology and applications of the work of social and developmental psychologists.
  • Criminal Justice in England and Wales
    Criminal Justice in England and Wales introduces you to the criminal justice system in this country, taking you through the key elements of the justice system: Police, Courts, Prisons, Probation, and the Youth Justice System. Each week, you'll be introduced to a different stage of the system and unpack some of the critical issues that are discussed in this area. For example you'll learn about the role of police, and the benefits that a policing system provides, while also looking at the controversial aspects of policing, such as racism and the ongoing debate about how much force the police should use. You'll also discuss the statement ‘prison works’ and examine the shifting landscape of the prison system in the context of overcrowding and privatization. During the research skills workshops, you'll learn how to critically assess research on the criminal justice system, developing evaluation skills and knowledge of research methods in the process. You'll learn how research is undertaken and have the chance to do this yourself in relation to issues of criminal justice, such as public attitudes to various elements of the criminal justice system. By the end of Criminal Justice in England and Wales, you'll be able to demonstrate an appreciation of the complicated position of victims and offenders in England and Wales. You'll be taught in weekly two hour lecture/workshops and one hour ‘research evaluation skills’ workshop. The assessment will comprise a portfolio of work that will discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the criminal justice system.
  • Becoming a Researcher: Using Data
    In order to understand human thought and behaviour, psychologists often collect a range of different types of numerical data from human participants. To be able to draw conclusions as to how and why people think and behave, we need to understand how to apply a variety of statistical analyses to data in order to draw valid and reliable inferences. This module provides a step-by-step introduction to the principles and application of psychological data analysis. You will be introduced to the theory behind statistical analysis, looking at the best ways to describe your data and be trained in a variety of statistical tests that can be used to analyse and draw conclusions about human thought and behaviour.
  • Becoming a Researcher: Designing Research
    All psychologists share basic skills in understanding, designing and communicating research. As a science, Psychology is driven by the empirical analysis of human behaviour, so we will start with a question of interest, formulate hypotheses to test, design, and implement a study to collect data to be analysed. You will be introduced to the principles that psychologists use to understand human behaviours and psychological phenomena. Through exploration of case examples, topics covered will include assessing published literature, the formulation of research questions and hypotheses, foundations of study design and experimental control, the development of research protocols and procedures, sampling and participant selection and ethical considerations in research. As a result, you will gain basic skills to conduct a literature review, develop research questions and hypotheses, design an empirical study, develop a research protocol and consider the ethical risks of collecting data from human participants.

Year two, core modules

  • Trials and Errors
    Identify and analyse the elements involved in the criminal justice process that can contribute to a miscarriage of justice and recognise the available procedures that can correct such errors of judgment. Evaluate principles of current criminal proceedings and identify the various stages within the system, such as sentencing procedures and outcomes. You’ll consider a range of problems and identify how some events could have been avoided and examine a variety of legal case studies, paying particular attention to the processes involved and evaluating legal decisions and the appeal system. You’ll take part in weekly lectures and seminars, including prepared debates and discussion relating to real life cases that have attracted the attention of the media.
  • Psychopathology
    Gain an introduction to psychopathology and clinical psychology and various psychological disorders, as well as their aetiology and treatment. Focus on at models of psychopathology, as well as its classification and diagnosis. You will touch on broad theories of the development of the various psychological disorders and draw from psychodynamic, cognitive, and neuroscience perspectives, as well as social factors. You will learn about the various psychological disorders through a series of lectures and seminars and use case studies and media examples to apply real-life examples.
  • Research Techniques for Psychology
    Develop a critical understanding of data collection and analysis for psychology, and consider the theoretical bases of various qualitative and quantitative methods. You’ll focus on theoretical, conceptual and ethical issues and we’ll ensure that you understand the logic behind the techniques covered. Your learning will use practical and real-life examples and you’ll also work on a group project, designing an independent piece of research in an area you’re interested in and producing a research portfolio. You’ll attend a combination of lectures and lab-based practical sessions, with semester 1 focusing on quantitative data analysis techniques, and semester 2 focusing on a wider view of a range of qualitative and quantitative methods and tests. You’ll gain numerous transferable, research and analysis skills, such as numerical skills, use of SPSS, IT skills, experimental design, report writing, group work, research using the library and internet databases, and oral presentations.

Year two, optional modules

  • Crime and Place: Geographic Criminology and Crime Mapping
    You’ll be introduced to the issues and concepts central to an understanding of geographic or environmental criminology. In the first part of the module, key definitions, issues and concepts associated with the field are introduced. Then we spend some time examining how offenders use the environment and explore the various theories and models that have been put forward to explain the processes involved in offence location selection.
  • Issues in the Professional Practice of Psychology
    In this module, you will develop an awareness of the moral and practical implications of being a professional psychologist. You will be encouraged to reflect on the assumptions and limitations of the knowledge base guiding the practice of psychology, and to consider their implications. The module provides an understanding of professional skills of specific relevance to psychology, including professional codes of conduct and ethical behaviour in research and practice; planning research and writing a research proposal; bibliographic search strategies and effective literature review; working collaboratively in research; scientific publishing - how it works; communicating scientific results using different methods and to different audiences; personal and career development. You will have the opportunity to acquire skills which are key to your development should you wish to pursue a career in psychology, but which are also of relevance if your career interests lie elsewhere.
  • Learning, Memory and Perception
    Underlying all psychological functioning is the ability to perceive, remember, and alter our behaviour in response to information in the world. These basic psychological processes of perception, memory and learning were the first areas of study for empirical psychology and this module examines both the historical development of these areas as well as the current state of knowledge in each area. You will develop an overview of principles of associative learning including the principles of operant and respondent conditioning and the distinction between contiguity and contingency in learning. We will also consider how the principles are applied in practical situations such as the treatment of phobias. The underlying neurophysiological mechanisms of memory as well as cognitive models of memory is presented. Experimental findings of short-term, long-term, implicit and explicit memory, as well as problems of memory encoding, organisation, retention and retrieval is addressed. Disorders of memory associated with brain injury is discussed. Models of visual perception and attention is discussed and experimental findings on change blindness, object perception and face perception is evaluated. We will also consider the effect of learning and experience on perception as well as some of the neuropsychological impairments which can affect perception.
  • Personality, Intelligence and Psychometrics
    You will develop an understanding of key contemporary approaches to the study and assessment of personality and intelligence. You will examine the assumptions behind theoretical approaches to personality and intelligence; the nature of personality and intelligence; the theory of psychometrics; the strengths, implications and limitations of different approaches; and the applications of theory. You will link theoretical approaches and develop basic skills in understanding and using psychological tests. As well as acquiring a detailed knowledge of major theories of personality and intelligence you will develop an awareness of the social and ethical implications of the measurement of individual differences and skills in problem-solving and evaluation.
  • Project Preparation
    This module will prepare you to carry out a major project in your final year. This will involve initially researching and selecting a suitable project. You will acquire skills such as applying for ethical approval, accessing relevant sources of published information, conducting literature surveys, writing a literature review, formulating risk assessments and creating a project proposal. During this self-managed module you will plan your project and regularly meet with your supervisor, who will give you advice and review your progress.
  • Violent Crime, Body and Mind
    Investigate the study of violence from a range of perspectives, including criminal and legal, psychological, medical and biological. Explore a range of expressions of violence, and the sanctions that are employed through the criminal justice system. In addition, you’ll examine the concept of evil and how rehabilitation or punishments are juxtaposed against such an idea. To demonstrate your knowledge, you’ll complete an essay relating to theoretical explanations of violence and a portfolio, encompassing a structured classroom debate.

Year three, core modules

  • Clinical Psychology
    This module will give students a critical awareness of the profession of clinical psychology, including an understanding of the historical context, as well as the current political and cultural context of the practice of clinical psychology. Over the course of the module, students will be introduced to the core skills (Assessment, Formulation, Intervention, Evaluation, Communication, Research and Reflection) used by clinical psychologists, and encouraged to critically evaluate their application across a range of settings and with a variety of client groups. Formulation will be particularly highlighted as a key skill, and the debates and controversies around the use of formulation will be discussed in line with recent developments and professional guidelines. Consideration will be given to thinking critically about the specific and differing requirements of working with individuals across the lifespan (Adult mental Health, Older adults, Children and adolescents), and with specialist populations (Intellectual Disability, Forensic, Health, Eating Disorders, Substance Use and Neuropsychology). Clinical Psychology’s role in leadership, consultancy, research and audit will also be discussed, and the application of research in clinical practice will be critically evaluated. The module will also include discussion of multi-disciplinary team (MDT) working, and students will be given opportunity to reflect on and develop their ability to work within professional teams. The module is available for students in the third year of psychology courses. Lectures will be illustrated with case studies and video demonstrations of clients across the lifespan and across a range of settings, and will also incorporate speakers with lived experience where appropriate. Students will learn to work independently as well as within small groups where they will discuss the application of clinical psychology skills to case examples, and will work as a team to produce a presentation to demonstrate psychological skills. Work in seminars and preparation for lectures will require the ability to independently research literature in the library and internet databases on different topics presented in lectures. This module will prepare students particularly well for working in clinical settings. This module is assessed via a 1500 word reflective essay and a 1 hour exam.
  • Criminology in Policy and Practice
    The objects of the Criminological enquiry – crime, policing, justice, punishment, fear, victims, control, order, security – have come to occupy a prominent and disputed place in the lives and consciousness of citizens and governing authorities. Your career may be determined upon how well you understand the system that you seek to work in. In this module, you will consider how criminological theory has informed the landscape of crime, order and control and impacted legislation, policy and practice. You will examine the political, economic and social contexts in which criminological research is shaped and carried out in order to usefully inform criminal justice policy. For example, you will consider complex issues such as balancing policing in the age of austerity against the growth of punitive populism, or allocating resources effectively between the prevention of terrorism or violence against women and girls. Scrutinising institutions such as the police, county councils and victim-focused charities, you will examine some of the tensions that exist within them such as decision-making, agenda-setting and resource allocation. You will think critically about the processes that are involved in turning ideas into action, building ‘joint working’ initiatives and managing policy implementation. Furthermore, you will consider some of the wider criminological issues you have studied in relation to the criminal justice work setting – how do cultural, political and patriarchal attitudes affect the shape of agenda-setting, and what could be the impact of vicarious trauma upon the agents whom we put so much trust? Criminology in policy and practice will provide you with the skills necessary to connect your degree with the criminal justice sector, its policies and practices. The module will be delivered by lectures and workshops, and your assessment will consist of a report and an essay.


  • Major Project (Criminology)
    The individual Final Project module allows students to engage in a substantial piece of individual research, focused on a topic relevant to their specific discipline.


  • Major Project (Psychology)
    You will have an opportunity to develop, conduct and analyse your own research project in an area of psychology that interests you. You will ethically evaluate your research, carry out an in-depth literature review of that area, formulate hypotheses based on that review and design a study to test these. After collecting the data, you will analyse, evaluate and discuss your findings, and present them in project form.

Year three, optional modules

  • Atypical Development
    We will introduce a variety of developmental disorders including Downs' Syndrome, Williams' Syndrome, dyslexia and autism, and analyse the biological, cognitive and social profiles of each. You will gain an insight in to the main symptoms of each clinical condition and the prognosis for people with these disorders. We will do this by discussing published literature and studying symptoms of children and adults with these disorders in video demonstrations. We will also cover the effects of early brain injury, and problems in the assessment and diagnosis of developmental disorders. You will also consider ethical issues and working with clinical populations. You will learn to critically evaluate contemporary issues in neurodevelopmental psychology supported by a range of academic literature. This module will be particularly useful for you if you are considering a career related to development, educational or clinical psychology or a career working with typically developing children or children with special needs.
  • Neuropsychology
    You will be introduced to major neuro-psychological syndromes following brain damage. The most frequent syndromes in clinical practice such as aphasia, amnesia, agnosia, dementia, epilepsy and Parkinson's disease are discussed. You will be introduced to a variety of different tests and assessment procedures applied in clinical neuropsychology and for each of the clinical syndromes, relevant neuro-psychological and psychiatric symptoms are outlined. Problems in the assessment of brain-damaged patients as well as treatment procedures available are also discussed. You will become aware of the theoretical concepts of cognitive processing derived from the study of brain-damaged individuals. One major question will address the way in which the study of brain-damaged patients can help us in the understanding of brain functions. You will gain insight into the relation between brain structure, cognitive processing and observable behaviour by looking at case studies of neuro-psychological patients. This will be done by discussing published individual case descriptions and by studying symptoms of patients in video demonstrations. Concepts, theories and experimental methods of cognitive neuroscience and neuro-psychology is evaluated as well as therapeutic approaches in the neuro-rehabilitation of brain damaged individuals. Finally, the potential mechanisms underlying cortical reorganisation after brain injury and underlying learning of new information on healthy individuals is discussed.
  • Psychological Therapies
    Gain an introduction to some of the main methods of psychological interventions used by clinical, counselling and health psychologists in therapeutically helping people. These interventions are used to assist people in strengthening their capacity to manage and cope with their lives, and help work through some emotional difficulties. You will cover core theoretical principles and techniques used in various psychological interventions, when working with individuals, as well as with families and groups. You will also focus on the therapeutic relationship and interventions used to assist clients and patients to make meaning of their distress.
  • Invisible Crimes
    Criminology has historically focused on crime committed by the most disadvantaged and powerless members of society. The crimes of more powerful individuals or organisations have been less well studied. This is particularly pertinent to criminal activity in the environmental sector that is often policed by governmental or quasi-governmental organisations. In particular, the crimes committed by corporate entities, or those individuals within them, often have a more profound economic, physical and social cost on individuals than those associated with 'conventional' criminal behaviour. You'll explore the difficulty in defining corporate, white-collar and organised crime, and how they have been addressed by criminologists. You'll address the extent and nature of such corporate crimes, suggests different perspectives on organised crime, and provides a forum for the discussion of environmental crimes. In addition, you'll explore the links in the crime-power-media relationship; examine them through case studies and reportage specific to the cases, as well as texts and theories to inform the broader context.
  • Groups in Conflict, Social Psychological Issues
    This module will introduce you to a range of social psychological approaches to the study of inter-group conflict, hatred and oppression. It covers both individual and social factors which promote and sustain hostile relations, negative attitudes, and/or violence between ethnic, national, religious or cultural groups. Our module draws on research using a range of methods, including experimental work, case studies, and discourse analysis. Topics covered include stereotypes, racism, intractable violent conflict (e.g. the Middle East conflict), terrorism, propaganda and genocide. Particular attention is paid to the Holocaust. The module is assessed through coursework and an exam. Students will learn practical transferable skills such as how to manage information, communicate effectively in written format, and apply social psychological ideas to political situations.
  • Critical Issues in Health Psychology
    You will develop a critical awareness of issues and debates surrounding health, illness and disability. Standard clinical and medical models of illness and disability are seen as only one of several competing ways of making sense of health, illness and disability in contemporary society. Our module presents a range of broadly social, critical perspectives on our understanding of health, illness and disability. These include how illnesses and disabilities are commonly represented in contemporary society, and how this may influence individuals' experience of illness and disability; the social model of disability which views disability as a relationship between an individual and the constructed environment; the experience of stress among healthcare workers. Critical consideration is given to how poverty, class, culture and gender are factors to consider in health psychology. Our module, while primarily a critical health psychology module, draws on material from a broad range of disciplines including clinical psychology, psychiatry, social psychology, sociology, and public health. This module is delivered by lectures and seminars and assessment is by a portfolio based on the preparation and facilitation of student-led seminars and short critical essay based on a chosen topic.
  • Emotion
    What are feelings? Are they reducible to brain states or are they something different from mere neurophysiological activity? Questions such as these overlap between two areas of research: emotion and consciousness. Emotions are a dominant feature of human mental life, and they impact upon our behaviour, our cognitive processes, our social relationships, and our phenomenal experiences. In the last 15 years there has been a renewal of interest in both emotion and consciousness in psychology. You will be provided with an overview of some of these exciting new developments in emotion and consciousness research, as well as some historical background as to how these topics have been treated in psychology. You will learn through 11 lectures and four seminars; and be assessed through a 90 minute exam and one 1500 word essay. You will learn through a series of student-led debates based on classic issues and controversies in both emotion and consciousness research. Examples of the kinds of debates which may be included are: can science explain consciousness?, are emotions biological states or cultural constructions?, are unconscious emotions possible? You will present one side of such a debate in small groups, and then write a coursework essay based on one of these debates. On successful completion of the module you will gain skills of critical evaluation: particularly, the ability to independently evaluate evidence to support conclusions, and the ability to investigate contradictory information and to identify reasons for contradictions. You will also gain skills of: oral and written communication; interacting within a group and managing conflict therein; and autonomous learning - particularly, taking responsibility for your own work and being able to criticise it. By the end of the module the answer to the question 'what are feelings?' may perhaps be uncovered.
  • Forensic Psychology
    You will be provided with a broad overview of forensic psychology with a specific focus on prison psychology. Prison forensic psychology focuses on the specific application of psychological theory and research methodology to the prison environment. For example, prisons contain many vulnerable individuals and this module addresses ways in which psychological theory is applied to evaluating and then reducing the risks that these individuals face. 'Life' prisoners, as an example, face particular psychological challenges and this module addresses how theory is applied to assist individuals adjust to long periods of incarceration. You will learn through traditional lectures and student centred seminars including role-playing. You will be assessed through an examination and an essay which focuses on applying theory to real life problems.
  • Investigative Psychology
    The psychological study of crime, criminals and victims within a legal framework is known as criminal or forensic psychology. This module examines the role that psychology and psychological perspectives can play in the criminal justice process. Particular attention will be paid to the application of psychology to police investigations including the collection, examination and utilisation of investigative information and evidence as well as to the role of the psychologist in the court room. This module explores the different ways criminal psychologists contribute to police training, investigations and interviewing as well as their contribution to understanding evidence in the courtroom and how juries process that evidence. The challenges and pitfalls of giving such advice will also be examined and evaluated. You'll be required to contribute each week primarily through the completion of practical tasks and exercises. These exercises will utilise actual case studies designed to familiarise students with the types of criminal cases and associated outputs produced by criminal psychologists in a 'real world' setting. You'll be assessed by way of a poster presentation on a self-selected aspect of offender profiling and through a profiling method evaluation.
  • Preparing for Work
    Learn about the connection and journey from higher education to future employment and prepare for the next step in your career. You’ll evaluate your learning achievements, identifying your strengths, weakness and skills.
  • Comparative Criminal Justice
    There have been some profound economic, political and cultural developments in the world since the late 1980's and they have added to the complex relationship between crime, punishment, social change and the maintenance of order. In many countries, prisons numbers are dramatically increasing, yet in others they are emptying at an equally rapid rate. Some countries deal with overcrowding by building more prisons, others have waiting lists for up to a year. Some countries favour capital punishment, others outlaw it. Crime statistics are gathered in a wide range of methods and the age of criminal responsibility ranges from seven to eighteen, depending on where you live. In this module you'll examine the ways different countries and jurisdictions deal with the main stages and elements in the criminal justice process, from crime rates and policing through to sentencing. We'll explore examples from all over the world, with a particular focus on Europe, the UK, the United States and Australasia.
  • Psychology in the Workplace
    In this module you will be introduced to the principles of occupational and organisational psychology. You will also be required to complete 35 hours of either voluntary or paid work supported by lecturers and seminars. Your work experience can either be one week full-time or several weeks part-time but must be completed by the end of the fifth week of the module. As you apply what you have learnt in a real-life employment setting, you will be encouraged to reflect on your experience through a work placement journal and will also have the opportunity to share your experience to other psychology students through a poster presentation.
  • Sex, Sex Offending and Society
    Sex offending has become a major concern of governments, academics, policy analysts and pressure groups around the world, yet the problem remains little understood and inadequately addressed. You’ll examine how certain activities have come to be defined and regulated as sex crimes and how particular definitions generate specific legal responses and treatments. You’ll explore legal, policy and practice responses which have meant that many women not only suffer as victims of rape, but also at every stage of the criminal justice system. You’ll also learn about sexual offending, underlying theories and its consequences from the perspectives of offenders, victims, society and the law. Each week, your seminars will include a structured and planned debate and you’ll embark on the creation of a documentary, encompassing details of sources and a group blog of how the product came about.
  • Youth Justice Controversies
    The Criminal Justice System incorporates a range of functions and agencies that are required to protect the public, uphold justice and the law, maintain public order, exact punishments and censures, recognise and accommodate victims and sustain public confidence. The system is guided by important principles, of which a central aspect is that every individual has rights, whether as suspect, defendant, convict, enforcer, employee, victim, witness or ordinary citizen. On this module, you'll uncover the complexities of the criminal justice system, notably around the issue of youth justice, and discuss theories explaining youth crime and youth culture. You'll analyse competing strategies in youth justice and their outcomes, discussing recent developments in youth justice legislation, policy and practice. You'll reflect on the issue of race, gender and drug abuse, and explore the recent youth justice innovations that have arguably changed the face of young offenders and issues of accountability. Your assessment will comprise a group presentation and a portfolio of patchwork texts.
  • Sex, Sexuality and Gender
    Learn about the interdisciplinary exploration of the study of human sexuality and draw on research from social, health, and developmental psychology, as well as examples from sociology and anthropology. Ultimately, you will explore the key elements of what it means to be sexual beings.


Throughout the course, we’ll use a range of assessment methods to measure your progress. These include written and practical exams, essays, research reports, oral presentations and lab reports. You’ll also write a dissertation on a subject of your choice.

Where you'll study

Your faculty

The Faculty of Science & Engineering is one of the largest of the four faculties at Anglia Ruskin University. Whether you choose to study with us full-time or part-time, on campus or at a distance, there’s an option whatever your level – from a foundation degree, BSc, MSc, PhD or professional doctorate.

Whichever course you pick, you’ll gain the theory and practical skills needed to progress with confidence. Join us and you could find yourself learning in the very latest laboratories or on field trips or work placements with well-known and respected companies. You may even have the opportunity to study abroad.

Everything we do in the faculty has a singular purpose: to provide a world-class environment to create, share and advance knowledge in science, technology and engineering fields. This is key to all of our futures.

Where can I study?

Lord Ashcroft Building on our Cambridge campus

Our campus is close to the centre of Cambridge, often described as the perfect student city.

Explore our Cambridge campus

Fees & funding

Course fees

UK & EU students starting 2019/20 (per year)


International students starting 2019/20 (per year)


Fee information

For more information about tuition fees, including the UK Government's commitment to EU students, please see our UK/EU funding pages

How do I pay my fees?

Tuition fee loan

You can take out a tuition fee loan, which you won’t need to start repaying until after your graduate. Or alternatively, there's the option to pay your fees upfront.

Loans and fee payments


We offer a fantastic range of ARU scholarships, which provide extra financial support while you’re at university. Some of these cover all or part of your tuition fees.

Explore ARU scholarships

International students

You must pay your fees upfront, in full or in instalments. We will also ask you for a deposit or sponsorship letter. Details will be in your offer letter.

Paying your fees

Funding for UK & EU students

Most new undergraduate students can apply for government funding to support their studies and university life. This includes Tuition Fee Loans and Maintenance Loans. There are additional grants available for specific groups of students, such as those with disabilities or dependants.

We also offer a fantastic range of ARU scholarships, which provide extra financial support while you’re at university. Find out more about eligibility and how to apply.

Funding for international students

We offer a number of scholarships, as well as an early payment discount. Explore your options:

Entry requirements

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Important additional notes

Our published entry requirements are a guide only and our decision will be based on your overall suitability for the course as well as whether you meet the minimum entry requirements. Other equivalent qualifications may be accepted for entry to this course, please email for further information.

All tariff points must come from A levels. Points from AS levels cannot be counted towards the total tariff points required for entry to this course.

International students

We welcome applications from international and EU students, and accept a range of international qualifications.

English language requirements

If English is not your first language, you'll need to make sure you meet our English language requirements for postgraduate courses.

Improving your English language skills

If you don't meet our English language requirements, we offer a range of courses which could help you achieve the level required for entry onto a degree course.

We also provide our own English Language Proficiency Test (ELPT) in the UK and overseas. To find out if we are planning to hold an ELPT in your country, contact our country managers.

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