Areas of Expertise: Life sciences
Toby is Course Leader for Ecology and Conservation in the School of Life Sciences and teaches in the areas of Zoology, Ecology and Animal Behaviour. He is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and a University Teaching Fellow.
Toby graduated with a BSc and PhD in Zoology from the University of Aberdeen. After working as a research fellow at Marine Scotland Science in Aberdeen and the University of Southampton he took up a post as a lecturer in Animal Behaviour and Ecology here at Anglia Ruskin University. After a number of management roles, including Faculty roles related to Learning and Teaching, Toby is now Course Leader for Ecology and Conservation. He became a Principal Lecturer in 2008, an Associate Professor in 2020 and was made a University Teaching Fellow in 2011.
Toby is currently supervising postgraduate research on the influence of honey bees on wild pollinators and the use of a team-based learning approach to promote student engagement.
Among the research projects Toby has supervised in the past are projects on fish welfare, bushmeat identification, analysis of fin damage in salmon, invasive crayfish in British rivers, penguin foraging in Antarctica and community ecology of hemiptera on grassland swards.
Teaching on a variety of modules in Animal and Environmental Biology including:
Toby also runs a Ruskin Module on Data Storytelling called ‘Do Numbers Lie?’
Arkwright, T., Malassis, R., Delfour, F., Carter, T., 2016. California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) can spontaneously follow subtle human gestures, but not glances. International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 29, 25366.
Jensen, A-L. M., Delfour, F., Carter, T., 2013. Anticipatory Behaviour in Captive Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): a preliminary study. Zoo Biology. 32(4), pp. 436-444.
Martins, C. I. M., Galhardo, L., Damsgård, B., Noble, C., Spedicato, M. T., Zupa, W., Beauchaud, M., Kulczykowska, E., Massabuau, J-C., Carter, T., Planellas, S. R. and Kristiansen, T., 2013. Behavioural indicators of farmed fish welfare. In van de Vis, H., Kiessling, A., Flik, G., Mackenzie, S. (eds.), 2013. Welfare of Farmed Fish in Present and Future Production Systems (Springer: London), pp. 20-45.
Martins, C. I. M., Galhardo, L., Damsgård, B., Noble, C., Spedicato, M. T., Zupa, W., Beauchaud, M., Kulczykowska, E., Massabuau, J-C., Carter, T., Planellas, S. R. and Kristiansen, T., 2012. Behavioural indicators of farmed fish welfare. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 38(1), pp. 17-41.