Sarah Gradidge

PhD Researcher

Faculty:Faculty of Science and Engineering

School:Psychology and Sport Science

Location: Cambridge

Research Supervision:Yes

Research interests

Thesis title:

The Influence of Species on Perceptions of Animals

Supervisory Team

Dr Magdalena Zawisza
Dr Annelie Harvey
Dr Daragh McDermott

Research Group

Sarah is a member of our Identity and Social Issues research area, which forms part of our Applied, Social and Health Psychology Research Group.

Summary of Research

Sarah's research concerns the influence of species on perceptions of animals. For instance, why do many people care for dogs as family, yet eat pigs, despite pigs being ostensibly similar to dogs in behaviour, appearance, sociality, emotionality, and intelligence (Joy, 2011)? This concept can be termed 'speciesism' and is of great research importance, as pigs (and other animals) may be morally disengaged from (e.g., Rothgerber, 2013). Current research has so far only investigated the existence of speciesism and limited causes, with little consideration of a) the implications of speciesism for perceptions of animals and behavioural intentions, b) alternative causes to speciesism besides self-relevance, and c) interventions to reduce and prevent speciesism. Sarah's research aims to address these gaps.

Grants and Funding

Gradidge, S. & Zawisza, M., 2020. ARU PSS Research Financial Support: £500.

Recent Publications and Conference Presentations


Gradidge, S. & Zawisza, M., 2020. Toward a non-anthropocentric view on the environment and animal welfare: Possible psychological interventions. Animal Sentience, 27(23).

Gradidge, S. & Harvey, A. J., 2019. Student project. In Sutton, R. & Douglas, K. (eds.), Social Psychology (2nd ed.)¸ Macmillan Education: London, UK.

Gradidge, S. & Zawisza, M., 2019. Why factual appeals about the abilities of sheep may fail. Animal Sentience, 25(42).

Gradidge, S. (ed.) February 2016. Psychobabble, (2). Retrieved from


Gradidge, S., Zawisza, M., Harvey, A. J. & McDermott, D. T., 2019. The influence of species on perceptions of animals. PhD Spring Mini-Conference, Anglia Ruskin University, April 2019.

Invited Talks

Gradidge, S., Zawisza, M., Harvey, A. J. & McDermott, D. T. (2020, Feb 11). Exploring Speciesism. Invited talk presented at the University of Edinburgh Journal Club, Edinburgh, UK.

Public engagement

Gradidge, S., 2020. Mindful activism: Empathy. The Vegan Society. Available at: