Dr Javaid Butt

Associate Professor of Digital Manufacturing

Faculty:Faculty of Science and Engineering

School:Engineering and the Built Environment

Location: Chelmsford

Areas of Expertise: Mechanical Engineering

Javaid is an expert in the fields of additive manufacturing and Industry 4.0. He has won over £5.8 million in the past five years (2017-2022) from different funding sources, including Innovate UK, Erasmus+, Interreg North Sea Region, KTP, and KEEP+. He is part of the Engineering Analysis Simulation and Tribology Research Group at ARU.

javaid.butt@aru.ac.uk

Background

Much of Javaid's work is with industrial collaborators where he has delivered projects of commercial value. As a testament to the quality of his research work and contribution to ARU’s ambitions, he won the Vice Chancellor’s Award in the Outstanding Research and Innovation Established Researcher category in November 2021.

Javaid is an Associate Professor of Digital Manufacturing and has a wealth of experience in characterising and analysing varied materials for product development. He has designed and developed several processes capable of manufacturing polymers, metals, and composites based on the techniques of additive manufacturing. Javaid’s current research focuses on interlacing existing manufacturing practices (subtractive, additive, and hybrid) with advanced robotics and development of functional digital twins of additive manufacturing systems for engineering applications.

Javaid was awarded a fully funded studentship for PhD studies from the School of Engineering and the Built Environment at ARU. He designed a new additive manufacturing process to technology readiness level 6 to produce metal/composite parts and was awarded his doctorate degree in 2016. Javaid was also awarded a Lancaster merit scholarship during his MSc in Advanced Mechanical Engineering Science/Mechatronics at the University of Southampton. For his MSc project, he designed a novel additive manufacturing mechanism to technology readiness level 7 to produce multiple material parts using a desktop-based 3D printer. Javaid was the recipient of the Pakistan Government’s merit scholarship during his undergraduate studies in Mechatronics & Control Engineering at the University of Engineering & Technology (Lahore, Pakistan). His final-year project was based on the design of a master-slave dexterous robotic hand.

Spoken Languages

  • Urdu
  • Punjabi
  • Hindi
  • English

Research interests

  • Additive/hybrid manufacturing: development of new methods to various technology readiness levels to mitigate the limitations of existing manufacturing methods
  • Digital twins: design and development of functional digital twins of engineering systems capable of undertaking maintenance and prediction with the help of machine learning algorithm
  • Industry 4.0: development of technological and management frameworks for Industry 4.0 implementation to incorporate digitalisation in manufacturing
  • Metal/polymer/composite/hybrid materials: production of materials with enhanced properties for varied engineering applications
  • Product design and development: designing intricate products for better performance under different loading conditions using different design methods

Teaching

Javaid teaches the following modules at ARU.

BEng (Hons) Mechanical Engineering

  • Product Development and Quality Engineering Project

MSc Mechanical Engineering

  • Automation and Robotics

MSc Engineering Management

  • Engineering Quality Management

Qualifications

  • PhD in Additive Manufacturing, Anglia Ruskin University
  • PG Cert Learning and Teaching in Higher Education, Anglia Ruskin University
  • MSc Advanced Mechanical Engineering Sciences/Mechatronics, University of Southampton
  • BSc (Hons) Mechatronics & Control Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology

Memberships, editorial boards

  • Senior Fellow, High Education Academy (SFHEA)
  • Appointed as the REF 2021 Co-Convener for UoA 12 (Engineering)
  • Guest Editor for three Q1 journals: Applied Sciences (2020), Metals (2022), Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing (2022)
  • External Examiner, University of the West of England (UWE-Bristol) and Manchester Metropolitan University
  • Engineering & Built Environment’s Academic Representative for Professional Experience Group to establish an inclusive placement option for our postgraduate taught students (2022)
  • Appointed as an External Evaluator by the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic and assessed Additive Manufacturing research proposals (April 2020)

Achievements

  • Won the Best PgR Supervisory Team Award for my PhD student (First Supervisor) at the 2nd Annual Postgraduate Research (PgR) Awards 2022 organised by Anglia Ruskin University’s Doctoral School. My student, Raghunath Bhaskar, also won the Best PgR Publication Award (where I am the second author) at the same event (July 2022)
  • Won the Vice Chancellor’s Award in the Outstanding Research and Innovation Established Researcher category for exceptional contribution to University ambitions (November 2021)
  • Academic Representative for the School of Engineering and the Built Environment Athena SWAN self-assessment team that received the Bronze award in 2019
  • Undertook several paid consultations as an additive manufacturing expert with consultancy companies such as Guidepoint and Human Innovation (2018)
  • Won the Top Reviewer Award for being the third most prolific contributing peer reviewer on Publons for the Journal of Materials (September 2017)
  • Won Best Research Poster Award at the European Advanced Materials Congress, held in Stockholm, Sweden (August 2017)
  • Won Best Research Poster Award at the International Conference on Design & Production Engineering, held in Berlin, Germany (June 2016)
  • Won the Essex Local Network 'Present around the World' competition held in May 2014 organised by the Institution of Engineering & Technology

Research grants, consultancy, knowledge exchange

  • 11-month KEEP+ project worth £55,555 to design and test a new lightweight transporter system for Transporter Engineering Limited (2022)
  • 36-month Innovate UK grant worth £755,405 for the development of an advanced wearable real time monitoring system to monitor the status and performance of an arteriovenous fistula with MG Electric (2021-2024)
  • 30-month Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) Project worth £194,375 (funded by Innovate UK), with Boddingtons Electrical for the design and development of an automated dipping operation to insulate electrical tools (2020-2022)
  • 18-month Innovate UK grant worth £682,412 for the development of a low-cost modular solar power system with Lumiere Designs Ltd. and Skein Nigeria Ltd. (2019-2020)
  • 24-month KTP Project worth £155,500 (funded by Innovate UK), with LMK Thermosafe Limited to develop an innovative and interactive thermal analysis tool (2019-2021)
  • 16-month KEEP+ project with Gosling PSL Holdings Limited worth £58,400 for the development of a compact sub-zero chilling unit (2018-2019)
  • 18-month KEEP+ project worth £85,600 to investigate mechanical characteristics in FRP/GRP products for Dura Composites (2018-2019)
  • 36-month Erasmus+ grant titled GIENAHS (Grasping Innovation in Europe through a closer iNterAction between HEIs and SMEs), worth €999,231, that focusses on bringing HEIs and SMEs together to setup industrial PhDs (2018-2020)
  • Co-investigator on a 36-month European research project titled Grow In 4.0 (worth €3.6m) that deals with identifying barriers and encouraging the uptake of Industry 4.0 in SMEs (2017-2020)

Selected recent publications

Peer-reviewed journal publications

Butt, J., Bhaskar, R. and Mohaghegh, V., 2022. Analysing the effects of layer heights and line widths on FFF-printed thermoplastics. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 121(11), pp.7383-7411.

Stojkovic, M. and Butt, J., 2022. Industry 4.0 implementation framework for the composite manufacturing industry. Journal of Composites Science, 6(9), 258. 

Butt J., Bhaskar R. and Mohaghegh V., 2022. Investigating the influence of material extrusion rates and line widths on FFF-printed graphene-enhanced PLA. Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing, 6(3), p.57.

Butt, J., Bhaskar, R. and Mohaghegh, V., 2022. Non-destructive and destructive testing to analyse the effects of processing parameters on the tensile and flexural properties of FFF-printed graphene-enhanced PLA. Journal of Composites Science, 6(5), p.148.

Bhaskar, R., Butt, J. and Shirvani, H., 2022. Experimental analysis of plastic-based composites made by composite plastic manufacturing. Journal of Composites Science, 6(5), p.127.

Butt, J., Bhaskar, R. and Mohaghegh, V., 2022. Investigating the effects of ironing parameters on the dimensional accuracy, surface roughness, and hardness of FFF-printed thermoplastics. Journal of Composites Science, 6(5), p.121.

Esfahlani, S.S., Shirvani, H., Butt, J., Mirzaee, I. and Esfahlani, K.S., 2022. Machine Learning role in clinical decision-making: Neuro-rehabilitation video game. Expert Systems with Applications, 201, p.117165.

Butt, J., Bhaskar, R. and Mohaghegh, V., 2021. Investigating the effects of extrusion temperatures and material extrusion rates on FFF-printed thermoplastics. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 117(9), pp.2679-2699.

Butt, J., Oxford, P., Sadeghi-Esfahlani, S., Ghorabian, M. and Shirvani, H., 2020. Hybrid manufacturing and mechanical characterization of Cu/PLA composites. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, pp.1-18.

Khan, M.A.A., Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H. and Shirvani, H., 2020. Analyzing the effects of tactical dependence for business process reengineering and optimization. Designs, 4(3), p.23.

Butt, J., 2020. A conceptual framework to support digital transformation in manufacturing using an integrated business process management approach. Designs, 4(3), p.17.

Butt, J., 2020. Exploring the interrelationship between additive manufacturing and Industry 4.0. Designs, 4(2), p.13.

Butt, J., 2020. A strategic roadmap for the manufacturing industry to implement Industry 4.0. Designs, 4(2), p.11.

Butt, J. and Bhaskar, R., 2020. Investigating the effects of annealing on the mechanical properties of FFF-printed thermoplastics. Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing, 4(2), p.38.

Butt, J. and Jedi, S., 2020. Redesign of an in-market conveyor system for manufacturing cost reduction and design efficiency using DFMA methodology, Designs, 4(1), p.6.

Butt, J., Hewavidana, Y., Mohaghegh, V., Esfahlani, S.S. and Shirvani, H., 2019. Hybrid manufacturing and experimental testing of glass fiber enhanced thermoplastic composites. Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing, 3(4), p.96.

Butt, J., Ghorabian, M., Mohaghegh, V. and Shirvani, H., 2019. Finite element modelling and mechanical testing of metal composites made by composite metal foil manufacturing. Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing, 3(3), p.81.

Butt, J., Ghorabian, M., Mohaghegh, V. and Shirvani, H., 2019. Finite element modelling and mechanical testing of metal composites made by composite metal foil manufacturing. Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing, 3(3), p.81.

Khan, M.A.A., Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H., Shirvani, H., Sanaei, A. and Alam, M., 2019. Integration of data-driven process reengineering and process interdependence for manufacturing optimization supported by smart structured data. Designs, 3(3), p.44.

Esfahlani, S.S., Butt, J. and Shirvani, H., 2019. Fusion of Artificial Intelligence in Neuro-Rehabilitation Video Games. IEEE Access, 7, pp.102617-102627.

Butt, J., Ghorabian, M., Ahmed, A. and Shirvani, H., 2018. Finite element modelling and validation of thermomechanical behaviour for layered aluminium parts made by composite metal foil manufacturing. Journal of Composites Science, 2(4), p.68.

Khan, M., Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H., Shirvani, H. and Alam, M., 2018. Data-driven process reengineering and optimization using a simulation and verification technique. Designs, 2(4), p.42.

Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H. and Shirvani, H., 2018. Tensile lap-shear and flexural behaviour of aluminium metal foil parts made by composite metal foil manufacturing. Progress in Additive Manufacturing, 4(2), pp.73-81.

Butt, J. and Shirvani, H., 2018. Experimental analysis of metal/plastic composites made by a new hybrid method. Additive Manufacturing, 22, pp.216-222.

Butt, J., Onimowo, D.A., Gohrabian, M., Sharma, T. and Shirvani, H., 2018. A desktop 3D printer with dual extruders to produce customised electronic circuitry. Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, 13(4), pp.528-534.

Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H. and Shirvani, H., 2018. Numerical and experimental analysis of product development by composite metal foil manufacturing. International Journal of Rapid Manufacturing, 7(1), pp.59-82.

Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H. and Shirvani, H., 2016. Microstructure and mechanical properties of dissimilar pure copper foil/1050 aluminium composites made with composite metal foil manufacturing. Journal of Materials Processing Technology 238, pp.96-107.

Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H. and Shirvani, H., 2016. Strength analysis of aluminium foil parts made by composite metal foil manufacturing. Progress in Additive Manufacturing, 1(1-2), pp.93- 103.

Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H. and Shirvani, H., 2016. Rapid prototyping by heat diffusion of metal foil and related mechanical testing. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 84(9-12), pp.2357-2366.

Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H. and Shirvani, H., 2015. Peel and tensile test investigation of aluminium 1050 foil parts made with a new additive manufacturing process. International Journal of Rapid Manufacturing, 5(1), pp.95-115.

Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H. and Shirvani, H., 2015. A novel rapid prototyping process for the production of metal parts. International Journal of Advancements in Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering– IJAMAE, 2(1), pp.15-18.

Peer-reviewed conference publications

Nammi, S.K., Butt, J., Mauricette, J.L. and Shirvani, H., 2017, December. Numerical Analysis of Thermal Stresses around Fasteners in Composite Metal Foils. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 280, No. 1, p. 012016). IOP Publishing.

Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H. and Shirvani, H., 2017, August. Production of Multiple Material Parts Using a Desktop 3D Printer. In Advances in Manufacturing Technology XXXI: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Manufacturing Research, Incorporating the 32nd National Conference on Manufacturing Research, September 5–7, 2017, University of Greenwich, UK (Vol. 6, p. 148). IOS Press.

Khan, M., Mebrahtu, H., Shirvani, H. and Butt, J., 2017, August. Manufacturing Optimization Based on Agile Manufacturing and Big Data. In Advances in Manufacturing Technology XXXI: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Manufacturing Research, Incorporating the 32nd National Conference on Manufacturing Research, September 5–7, 2017, University of Greenwich, UK (Vol. 6, p. 148). IOS Press.

Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H. and Shirvani, H., 2015. Thermo-mechanical analysis of dissimilar al/cu foil single lap joints made by composite metal foil manufacturing. World Academy of Science, International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial, Mechatronic & Manufacturing Engineering, 10(1), pp.41-46.

Peer-reviewed book chapters

Butt, J., Mohaghegh, V., Sadeghi-Esfahlani, S. and Shirvani, H., 2020. Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing Applied to Drilling Systems. In Advances in Terrestrial Drilling: Ground, Ice, and Underwater (pp. 39-62). CRC Press.

Butt, J. and Shirvani, H., 2018. Additive, Subtractive, and Hybrid Manufacturing Processes. In Advances in Manufacturing and Processing of Materials and Structures (pp. 187-218). CRC Press.

Butt, J., Mebrahtu, H. and Shirvani, H., 2017. Metal Rapid Prototyping Technologies. In Advances in Engineering Research (pp. 13-52). Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Media experience

Promoted and marketed MSc Additive Manufacturing course through various channels including YouTube and Additive Manufacturing Today. Some examples of these can be seen below: