Dr Imranali Panjwani


Faculty:Faculty of Business and Law

School:Economics, Finance and Law

Location: Chelmsford

Areas of Expertise: Law , Commercial law , Human rights , Jurisprudence , Islamic Law

Research Supervision:Yes

Dr Imranali Panjwani has lived, studied and worked in the UK, Middle East and Australia as an academic, lawyer, chaplain and community worker. His work combines his diverse legal, cultural and religious experiences and has been commented upon by both judges and lawyers. He focuses on the reformation of both Islamic and Western legal systems so that greater attention can be paid to the subject of the law and the rights of minority communities.


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Dr Panjwani is the Head and Founder of Diverse Legal Consulting, a consultancy that specialises in country expert reports on Middle East & North Africa (MENA) for asylum seekers (www.diverselegal.com). He is also an Adjunct Senior Lecturer in Law at the University of Notre Dame Australia, was a Visiting Scholar at Western Sydney University and the Religious Director of Imam Hasan Centre, Sydney. He has worked as a legal adviser for several law firms and companies in immigration and civil rights, commercial litigation and family law.

Imranali’s work cuts across jurisprudence, philosophy, logic, metaphysics, human rights and legal education. By re-examining the subject of the law, a critical evaluation of how laws are derived from religious and non-religious sources can take place. This also means broadening our notions of evidence to understand other cultures and legal systems better so that the dignity of others can be recognised.

In his spare time, he engages in interfaith dialogue in Muslim and faith communities worldwide and likes running, playing tennis and doing charity work. He enjoys spending time with family and when possible, escapes into the world of fantasy football and all other idiosyncratic creative outlets.

Spoken Languages

  • English
  • Arabic
  • Persian
  • Gujarati

Research interests

  • Islamic law, jurisprudence and exegesis
  • The methodology and application of case law
  • The rights of asylum seekers and minority communities
  • The relationship between law, religion and spirituality
  • The role of logic in legal education
  • Decolonialism

Areas of research supervision

  • Comparative Islamic and Western jurisprudence
  • International human rights
  • Jurisprudence


Imranali teaches the following modules at ARU:

  • European Union Law
  • Family Law
  • Civil Litigation
  • Issues in Medical Law
  • Company Law
  • Agency and the Sale of Goods


  • Post-Doctoral Research & Persian Language Studies: The Research Institute of Al-Mustafa International University (Jami'at al-Mustafa), Mashhad, Iran (Title: 'The nature of case law in English and Islamic law)
  • PhD in Theology & Religious Studies, King’s College London

    (Title: ‘The role of the self in the Islamic-Western human rights discourse’)

  • PGDip in Academic Practice (Teaching Certificate), King’s College London
  • PGDip in the Legal Practice Course (LPC), University of Law, Birmingham
  • Seminary Training in Islamic Studies & Arabic, Al-Mahdi Institute, Birmingham
  • LLB in Law, University of Sheffield

Memberships, editorial boards

  • Member Electronic Immigration Network (EIN) Expert’s Directory
  • Member, Human Trafficking & Modern Slavery Expert’s (HTMSE) Directory
  • Associate Fellow, Higher Education Academy
  • Book reviewer, Religion

Research grants, consultancy, knowledge exchange

Comments by judges in immigration tribunals on Imranali's reports


  • Alumni prospectus profile, King's College London
  • Grant Award for PhD Tuition Fees, King's College Theological Trust
  • Grants for Teaching & Research in Islamic Studies, The Higher Education Academy
  • Joint A-Level Philosophy Prize, King Edward VI Grammar School

Selected recent publications

Panjwani, I., 2020. The ignored heritage of Western law: the historical and contemporary role of Islamic law in shaping law schools, The Law Teacher, 54:4, 562-577, (2020), https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03069400.2020.1827841.

Panjwani, I., From Fair Hearing to Fair Tech Hearing: Access to Justice in Immigration & Asylum Cases. In Chishti, S; Sophia Adams Bhatti, S.A., Datoo A and Indjic, D., The LegalTech Book. Wiley, 2020, pp.193-196: View details on Google Books.

Panjwani, I., Evidence-Gathering Procedures in United Kingdom Immigration Law: A Critique of Home Office Decision-Making, Country Guidance Information & Country Expert Reports in Asylum Cases. In Gorak-Snowsoska, Pachocka and Misiuna (ed) Muslim Minorities and the Refugee Crisis in Europe. SGH Warsaw School of Economics, 2019: 149-165. Link: View details on Academia.edu.

Panjwani, I., From Theory to Practice: English Case Law as an Additional and Evidentiary Holistic Tool for the Derivation and Operation of Law. In Shi‘i Usul al-Fiqh’ in Bhojani, A, Bohlander, M & De Rooij, L., Contemporary Discussions in Shi‘i Legal Theory. Leiden: Brill, 2019: https://brill.com/view/book/edcoll/9789004413948/BP000012.xml.

Panjwani, I., Bahrain. In Merskin, Debra (ed)., The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Mass Media & Society (Sage Publications, 2019): View details on Google Books.

Panjwani, I., Challenges in Teaching Islamic Studies at Universities: The Problem of Streamlining Islam for Undergraduates. In Hwang, A & Pugliese, M., Teaching Interreligious Encounters - American Academy of Religion’s Teaching Religious Studies Series. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017: 117-135.

Panjwani, I., Book Review: Shari'a in the Modern Era: Muslim Minorities Jurisprudence by Iyad Zahalka, American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, 34 (1), Winter 2017: 114-118.

Panjwani, I., Soul. In Kalin, I., Ayduz, S & Dagli, C (eds)., The Oxford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, Science and Technology in Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, 267–273.

Panjwani, I., Book Review: Bibliographical Discourse Analysis – 4 Volume Set: The Western Academic Perspective on Islam, Muslims and Islamic Countries (1949–2009) by Saied Reza Ameli, Journal of Shi'a Islamic Studies, VI (4), Autumn 2013: 500-505.

Panjwani, I., Bahrain's Oppressed: Lone Voices in International Law, Arches Quarterly, 6 (10) 2012: 134-144.

Panjwani, I (ed)., The Shi'a of Samarra: The Heritage and Politics of a Community in Iraq. London: I.B Tauris, 2012.

Recent presentations and conferences

‘The Need for a Language Database: How Asylum Seekers become Passive Participants in Formulating their Identities in a Democratic Society’, Participation through Language: Actors, Practices, Ideologies, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, 25–26 March 2021.

‘Breaking barriers through our shared history: Islam's role in the English Enlightenment’, University of Cambridge – Cambridge Festival of Ideas, 26 October 2019.

‘The Ignored Heritage of Western Law: The Role of Islam in Shaping Law’, University of Bristol, 13 September 2019.

‘The Creation of Fiqh Case Law in Mosques’, University of Copenhagen, Held in Gotenburg, Sweden, 21-23 August 2019.

‘Islamic Law and Women’s Rights’, The University of Amsterdam, 11-13 June 2019.

‘Minority Case Law’, The University of Coimbra, 7-9 May 2019.

'The Creation of Minority Case Law: A Possible Solution for the Recognition of Muslim Refugee Rights in European Countries’ (Muslim minorities and the refugee crisis in Europe. Narratives and policy responses. SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Poland. Organised by Erasmus+: Programme of the European Union, 8–9 November 2018).

'Broadening the Role of Imams: Imam as Key Brokers between Muslim & Non-Muslim Communities’ (Brokerage in Diverse Europe Workshop. Organised by The Open University/Göttingen University, Autonomous University of Barcelona and the Council for European Studies held in London, 12-13 Jan 18).

'Case Law as a Solution for Reclaiming Minority Rights & Identities’ (Islamic Human Rights Commission & Universal Justice Network Conference, Penang, Malaysia, 25-26 October 2016).

'Constructing a Framework for Human Dignity in Islam: The Thought of Zayn al-Abidin’ (Exploring the Meaning & Application of Human Dignity in Islam, Imam Hasan Centre, Sydney, 16-17 July 2016).

'From Theory to Practice: The Relevance of English Case Law in Shi'i Jurisprudence’ (Symposium on Shi'a Jurisprudence, Al-Mahdi Institute & Durham University, Durham University, 16–18 August 2015).

'A Lacuna in Shi'i Legal Theory: The Role of the Subject in the Derivation of Law’ (Research Institute of Al-Mustafa International University, Mashhad, 7 June 2015).

Media experience

Imranali has appeared in local and international news. Some of his recent press coverage includes: