Dr Aldo Zammit Borda

Senior Lecturer

Faculty:Faculty of Business and Law

School:Economics, Finance and Law

Location: Cambridge

Areas of Expertise: Law

Aldo is a former Maltese diplomat who specialises in European Union law and public international law. He has published extensively in this area.



Aldo is a Senior Lecturer in Law at Anglia Ruskin University. He is also the Director of the Professional Doctorate in Law Programme. He served as First Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Malta during the country’s accession to the European Union. He then joined the Commonwealth Secretariat as Legal Editor of the Commonwealth Law Bulletin. In 2013/14, he was Research Associate, based at King’s College London, on a EU FP7-funded project entitled ‘Securing Europe Through Counter-Terrorism: Impact, Legitimacy and Effectiveness.’

Aldo obtained his PhD from Trinity College Dublin, with a dissertation on the use of external precedent in international criminal adjudication. He holds a Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Malta and a Master of Economic Science in European Economic and Public Affairs from University College Dublin. He is an Advocate of the Courts of Malta and a Solicitor in England and Wales (non-practicing). He is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and a member of the Peer Review College of the UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship.

Research interests

  • Sources and Approaches of international law
  • International criminal law and adjudication
  • Comparative law and international law

Areas of research supervision

  • Mr Mohonnad Al-Khamiseh on ‘The Principle of Responsibility to Protect’
  • Ms Oriola Oyewole on 'The Treatment of Victims at the International Criminal Court'
  • Mr Sajib Hosen on 'Judgements of International Crimes Tribunal(s) of Bangladesh'


  • PhD in Law, Trinity College, University of Dublin (2014)
  • Postgraduate Certificate in Learning and Teaching (Higher Education), Anglia Ruskin University (2014)
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Contemporary Diplomacy, University of Malta (2007)
  • Master of Economic Science in European Economic and Public Affairs, University College Dublin (2005)
  • Doctor of Laws, University of Malta (2003)
  • Bachelor of Arts, University of Malta (2000)

Memberships, editorial boards

  • Fellow, The Higher Education Academy
  • Solicitor (non-practicing), Solicitors Regulation Authority
  • Advocate, Courts of Malta

Research grants, consultancy, knowledge exchange

  • Senior Trainer on Legislative Drafting, International Centre for Parliamentary Studies

Selected recent publications

Books edited    

Zammit Borda, A., 2011. Legislative Drafting. Abingdon: Routledge.

Zammit Borda, A., 2010. International Humanitarian Law and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement in the Commonwealth. Abingdon: Routledge.

Book chapters

Murphy, C. C., Zammit Borda, A. and Hoyte, L. Law Enforcement Perspectives on EU Counter-Terrorism Co-operation. In de Londras, F. and Doody, J. (Eds.). The Impact, Legitimacy and Effectiveness of EU Counter-Terrorism (forthcoming in the Routledge Research in Terrorism and the Law series).

Peer reviewed articles

Zammit Borda, A. How Do International Judges Approach Competing Precedent? An Analysis of the Practice of International Criminal Courts and Tribunals in Relation to Substantive Law. International Criminal Law Review (forthcoming).

Zammit Borda, A., 2013. An Overview of the Commonwealth Secretariat Arbitral Tribunal and Its Use of Discretion in Employment-Related Judgments. Oxford University Commonwealth Law Journal, 13, p.313.

Zammit Borda, A., 2013. The Direct and Indirect Approaches to Precedent in International Criminal Courts and Tribunals. Melbourne Journal of International Law, 14, p.608.

Zammit Borda, A., 2013. The Use of Precedent as Subsidiary Means and Sources of International Criminal Law. Tilburg Law Review, 18, p.65.

Zammit Borda, A., 2013. A Formal Approach to Article 38(1)(d) of the ICJ Statute from the Perspective of the International Criminal Courts and Tribunals. European Journal of International Law, 24, p.649.

Zammit Borda, A., 2013. Precedent in International Criminal Courts and Tribunals. Cambridge Journal of International and Comparative Law, 2, p.287.

Zammit Borda, A., 2011. Decision-Making Patterns at the First Trial of International Criminal Courts: A Perspective on the ICC. Creighton International & Comparative Law Journal, 1, p.30.

Zammit Borda, A., 2010. Ecological Considerations relating to the Destruction of Chemical Weapons. Mediterranean Journal of Human Rights 14, p.215.


Zammit Borda, A., 2012. Comparative Law and the Ad Hoc Tribunals: The Dangers of a Narrow Inquiry. International Journal of Legal Information 40, p.22.

Zammit Borda, A., 2010. The Role of Victims in the First Trial of the International Criminal Court.  Trinity College Dublin Journal of Postgraduate Research, 9, p.20.