Inside an ambulance


Faculty: Health, Education, Medicine and Social Care
School: School of Allied Health
Course: BSc (Hons) Paramedic Science
Category: Allied and public health

15 May 2019

In this photo blog, student paramedic Ben takes you through the equipment he uses in ambulances on a daily basis.

Inside an ambulance

As a student paramedic there are loads of pieces of equipment which we are taught to use over the three years of training on the BSc Paramedic Science course. Below is an insight into some of the equipment we use and what it is for.

Response bag

The response bag (above) contains all the equipment we initially take in with us to a patient. It contains an oxygen cylinder, a range of different masks (100%, Nebulisers, Nasal cannulas), basic medications, and equipment to take a patients observations, such as blood pressure, temperature or blood glucose level. Separate from the primary response bag, the Paramedic/Advanced Life Support (ALS) bag contains additional advanced kit which is used to provide more interventions for a patient. This can include different airway devices or cannulas for giving drugs into a vein or bone.

Defibrillator Machine

Alongside the response bag, we also take a monitor/defibrillator into all patients we attend. Different ambulance services use different devices but they all have the ability to deliver a shock to a patient in cardiac arrest. Many can also take pulse, blood pressure and record an ECG. 


entonox and EZIO device
Suction machine

Above are an EZIO device, Entonox and a suction machine. An EZIO is a device we use to gain intraosseous access (drilling directly into the bone marrow) this can be used to administer emergency medications to our patients. We also have access to “Entonox” also known as ‘gas & air’. This is a combination of 50% Oxygen & 50% Nitrous Oxide. It can be used to help patients in moderate and severe pain – you may see this being used for patients in labour. Finally on every vehicle is a suction device. This can be used to remove secretions, fluid, or vomit from a patients airway.


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