Areas of Expertise: Anatomy and physiology
Thomas is a biological anthropologist with expertise in 3d imaging, developmental anatomy, and, palaeoanthropology. His research is interdisciplinary covering multiple aspects of human and animal anatomy with applications in both biomedical and forensic sciences.
Tom was appointed as lecturer in Biomedical Sciences in 2020.
Tom joined ARU in February 2019 after completing his PhD on morphometrics at the University of Manchester and is currently working on the project “The evolution of language: insights from laryngeal anatomy”. He oversees the 3D work packages for this and as part of this project has developed new machine-learning based workflows. He also helps to look after the Harrison Mammalian larynx collection, which is curated at the Duckworth Collection, University of Cambridge.
Tom’s research to date has been mainly focussed on human developmental, primate, and, avian anatomy as well as Palaeolithic archaeology. He is especially interested in the development of automated techniques for the processing of 3D data and increasingly, the application of machine learning to this. He is also interested in the refinement of developmental data for forensic purposes and the combination of structural and chemical signatures of bone growth and mineralisation.
Tom is interested in supervising students in the following areas:
Module leader for Preparation for Research
Module leader for Forensic Anthropology
Contributor to Mass Fatality Incidents and Applied Science for Forensic Investigators
PhD in Environmental Biology, University of Manchester
MSc in Palaeoanthropology and Palaeolithic Archaeology, University College London
BA (Hons) in Archaeology, University of Bristol
Member of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Member of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution (ESHE)
Visiting Scholar – McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge
2020: Erasmus+ Stafff collaborative exchange to Amsterdam Medical Centre
2015: Shapeways inc. “3D printing Lucy”.
Reviewer for: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences; American Journal of Primatology; Journal of Morphology; Archaeologies.
Consultant to Polyga inc. on research applications of 3d imaging (2 white papers/blog articles)
2019 BABAO recommendations on the ethical issues surrounding 2D and 3D digital imaging of human remains. Written as part of a working group. https://www.babao.org.uk/assets/Uploads/BABAO-Digital-imaging-code-2019.pdf
Advisor to Turkana Basin Institute-African Fossils Project.
Contributor to Manchester Museum temporary exhibits:
1. O’Mahoney, T. Mcknight, L. Lowe, T. Mednikova, M. Dunn, J.C. A machine learning based approach to the segmentation of microCT data in archaeological and evolutionary sciences. Resubmitted to PeerJ, preprint available at BiorXiV: https://doi.org/10.1101/859983
2. Brassey, C. O'Mahoney, T*. Sellers, W.I. 2018. A volumetric technique for fossil body mass estimation applied to Australopithecus afarensis. Journal of Human Evolution 115:47-64 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.07.014 *(Joint First author, listed second)
3. Brassey, C.A., Kitchener, A. O’Mahoney, T., Manning, P., Sellers, W.I. 2016. Convex-hull mass estimates of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus): application of a CT-based mass estimation technique. PeerJ 4:e1432; https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1432
1. O'Mahoney, T. 2014 “Digital recording and reconstruction of the Wilczyce perinatal skeleton”. In Schild, R. (ed). Wilczyce, a Late Magdalenian winter hunting camp in southern Poland. Warsaw: Polish Academy of Sciences Press
2020 “Evolutionary developmental anatomy: insights from living and fossil perspectives.” Departmental seminar, Amsterdam University Medical Center.
2020 "Evolution of the primate vocal tract-the known, the unknown and the unknowable." Departmental Seminar, University of Oxford.
2019 POSTER: Dunn et al., Rapid evolution of the primate larynx. Cambridge Language Sciences Symposium
2019 POSTER: O’Mahoney, T. Mednikova, M. Endostructural and periosteal variation in the humerus in juvenile Pleistocene individuals. PESHE 8, Liège, Belgium.
2018 TALK: O’Mahoney, T. Data silos, dying data and realistic start-up costs-dirty secrets of the digital revolution. Digital Dilemma conference, University Conference London 6/10/18 (Also a discussant).
2018 POSTER: O’Mahoney, T. Analysis of changes in body mass through ontogeny in a captive Pan troglodytes sample PESHE 7 (meeting 13-16th September in Faro, Portugal).
2017 TALK: O’Mahoney, T. Brassey, C. Chamberlain, A. Sellers, W. A virtual reconstruction and volumetric mass estimate of AL288-1, Australopithecus afarensis PESHE Vol 6: 136
2017 TALK: O’Mahoney, T. Brassey, C. Chamberlain, A. Sellers, W. A virtual reconstruction and volumetric mass estimate of AL288-1, Australopithecus afarensis SVPCA: Birmingham